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Inside History

From the pre-historic grottos of Cetona to the Medieval.
Travelling and discovering the traces and signs of man’s memory can turn into an encounter with history and its fascinating mysteries.
An archaeological dig offers the opportunity for a meeting with prehistory and the Etruscans. In the week dedicated to archaeology – the first week in July – the Museums of Sarteano, Cetona and Chianciano Terme will be opening their digs to children during the weekend. Guided by archaeologists, children can discover how fascinating it is to search for finds and how delicate the relationship with them is.

Mythical Etruscans

The Etruscans, one of the most fascinating and mysterious peoples of ancient times, have left traces of their civilisation everywhere in the Terre di Siena: from the tombs in Asciano and the Chianti area, the Palazzo of Murlo, up to the somatic traits and some linguistic characteristics of the inhabitants of these lands, which some scholars have traced back to the Etruscan “forefathers".
Travelling towards Chiusi, carefully observing the landscape, one can discover that some swellings in the ground conceal secrets that belong to history, the history of the Etruscans.

▼ Emotional Travel

Antiquarium Poggio Civitate…

Antiquarium Poggio Civitate

Opened in 1988, it's found within the Palazzo Vescovile, or Bishop's Building, in the center of the medieval hamlet of Murlo. It's characterized by the important artefacts found in the zone of Poggio Civitate.
The dig has uncovered a royal ‘palazzo' or building from the VIIth century before Christ as well as an artisan's workshop, both of which have contributed enormously in further understanding the Etruscan society.

The museum is also home to an important workshop of archeometry and experimental archeology, highly esteemed by foreign researchers. Workshops on the art, technique and manufacture of Etruscan gold and bronze artefacts have been organized here since 1991.

The Museum offers schools some very interesting further learning opportunities.

Antiquarium di Poggio Civitate
Piazza della Cattedrale - 53016 Murlo
Tel. 0577 811099

To learn more: www.museisenesi.org

Museo Archeologico Chianti…

Museo Archeologico Chianti

The archaeological territorial museum of the Sienese Chianti area comprises not only finds from the Municipality of Castellina but also from Castelnuovo Berardenga, Gaiole and Radda in Chianti.

The rooms of the museum, which are arranged over two floors of the medieval fortress in Piazza del Comune (Town Hall Square), are split into two separate sections: on the lower floor, there are the laboratories and the atrium dedicated to welcoming visitors, while the upper floor houses the actual exhibition.
In this first arrangement, the exhibition presents archaeological finds like the documents that testify three important moments in the formation of the Chianti “landscape”.

The Museum offers schools some very interesting further learning opportunities.

Piazza del Comune 17/18
53011 Castellina in Chianti
Tel. 0577 742090
Fax 0577 741388

To learn more: www.museisenesi.org

Museo Civico Sarteano…

Museo Civico Sarteano

Civic Archaeological Museum of Sarteano is situated on the ground floor of the 16th century Palazzo Gabrielli and brings together materials from the municipal territory, developing the theme of the Etruscan necropolises, dating back to between the late 9th and early 1st century BC.
Lots of space is dedicated to numerous painted ceramics.

In the necropolis of Pianacce, among the numerous monumental sepulchres dug into the tuffaceous rock (many are still being excavated), one of the most interesting is the Tomba della Quadriga Infernale (Tomb of the Infernal Quadriga), which is decorated with some of the most beautiful and mysterious Etruscan frescoes ever to be found and contains finds which date back to between the Bronze Age and the Late Roman era. The fresco, which portrays, among other things, a sinister demonic figure with animal-like fangs, has been perfectly reconstructed inside the Museum, using an absolutely innovative and highly complex technique.

The Museum offers schools some very interesting further learning opportunities.

Museo Civico Archeologico
Via Roma 24 - 53047 - Sarteano
Tel. 0578 269261

To learn more: www.museisenesi.org

Museo Civico Archeologico…

Museo Civico Archeologico

The Aquatic Archeological Museum of Chianciano Terme

The museum is organized in five sections relative to the history of the territory: the ‘necropolis', which is composed of Etruscan wealth, the ‘estates', relative to some of the economic and productive aspects of the Etruscans, the ‘water', relative to religion on the Etruscan world, the ‘thermal springs' and other exhibits going back to the Roman age as well as artefacts of ceramic, and gold from the Etruscan, Roman and Greek eras.

The Museum owns the world’s biggest collection of painted canopic jars and exhibits, among other things, the complete set of grave goods of a royal tomb and part of the pediment of an Etruscan temple. The Italian television programme Quark has recently run an extensive reportage on the museum and on a necropolis near Chianciano Terme (over 1,000 graves registered to date).

The Museum offers schools some very interesting further learning opportunities.

Museo Archeologico delle Acque
Viale Dante -53042 Chianciano Terme
Tel. 0578 30471

To learn more: www.museisenesi.org

Museo Cattedrale Chiusi…

Museo Cattedrale Chiusi

Museum of the Cathedral, the Etruscan Labyrinth. Catacomb

A long labyrinth, that of King Porsenna which lies underneath the town of Chiusi, can take us into the past. Here you may see how the Etruscans kept their dead hidden and also how an aquaduct was developed. There is also a surprise, an underground lake.

Another trip back in time that you must take is to the Tombs of the Pellegrina and of the Lion and of the Monkey, painted with frescos of scenes of games and competitions.

The Museum offers schools some very interesting further learning opportunities.

Museo della Cattedrale, Labirinto
Etrusco, Catacombe
Piazza Duomo - 53043 Chiusi
Visite guidate - Tel. 0578 226490

To learn more: www.museisenesi.org

Living History

Travelling, uncovering the traces and signs of the memory of man – from his very beginnings with the first prehistoric settlements, open to visitors at the Museum of Cetona, with its Park – offers the chance for a meeting with history and its fascinating mysteries.
Meeting magical places wrapped in fascinating legends, such as San Galgano with its Sword in the Stone; knights and fortresses at the Fortress di Tentennano, at the Archaeological and Technological Park of Poggibonsi and the famous knight Guidoriccio at Palazzo Pubblico in Siena develop emotions in children’s imaginations that will be kept in their memories as the most exciting of times.

▼ Emotional Travel

Museo Civico - Torre del Mangia…

Museo Civico - Torre del Mangia

Palazzo Pubblico, the initial design of which is anonymous, has been subject to several construction phases. As early as 1304, the part overlooking the “Campo” square had probably already been completed, later followed by an “extension” consisting in the central section which houses the Loggia dei Nove, the Sala del Consiglio and the Uffici della Biccherna.

It has a historical-artistic heritage of outstanding value, due to works like the Maestà by Simone Martini and the Good and Bad Government by Ambrogio Lorenzetti.

Torre del Mangia

The Torre del Mangia stands 88 metres tall on the left side of Palazzo Pubblico and used to symbolise municipal freedom and release from feudal power.

The Museum offers schools some very interesting further learning opportunities.

Palazzo Pubblico - Il Campo 
53100 Siena 
Tel. 0577 41169 - 0577 292368 - 0577 292263

To learn more: www.museisenesi.org



The nucleus of Monteriggioni is a small fortified hamlet.

The castle has a diameter of 172 metres, surrounded by an elliptic wall, which is no less than 2 metres thick, divided up by 15 towers and two gates, around a hill named Mount Ala.
Nowadays, the towers rise 6.5 metres above the walls and measure 4x6 metres. Only 11 are visible: the other four have been reduced to the level of the walls. 


To learn more:  www.comune.monteriggioni.si.it

Rocca Radicofani…

Rocca Radicofani

One of the most imposing fortresses in Tuscany watches over the southern border of Val d’Orcia, having monitored the boundary between the Grand Duchy of Tuscany and the Papal State for centuries. Although the site was also used by Etruscans and Romans, the fortress was built just before the year 1000. It has been altered several times and was strengthened in the 16th century with the addition of battlements capable of withstanding artilleries.

The Rocca di Radicofani was the castle of the Italian Robin Hood, Messere Ghino di Tacco, who occupied it twice, in 1298 and 1300.
Ghino (Ghinotto) di Tacco was born in Torrita di Siena to the Cacciaconti Monacheschi Pecorai family (but there are those who write that he descended from the Counts of Guardavalle or possibly the Monaceschi family of Torrita), one of the most important in the area.

Parco Archeologico Poggibonsi…

Parco Archeologico Poggibonsi

The Documentation Centre offers an index to the tour of the Archaeological and Technological Park of Poggio Imperiale in Poggibonsi and aims to supply visitors with a cognitive approach modulated into several degrees of detail, from a simple pictorial narration to the most complex consultation of the analytical documentation of archaeological research using IT equipment. 

The Museum offers schools some very interesting further learning opportunities.



Documentation Centre of the Parco Archeologico e Tecnologico di Poggio Imperiale 
Cassero della Fortezza Medicea 
53036 Poggibonsi (Siena) 
Tel. 0577 983865 

To learn more: www.museisenesi.org

Museo e Parco Monte Cetona…

The Pre-historic Civic Museum of Cetona.
The museum space documents the various phases of the population growth in the area around Cetona from the Paleolithic age until the end of the Bronze age.
Children will find the realistic reconstruction of the various time frames where they may observe how mankind lived, what they ate and how they dressed etc. 

Naturalistic Park of Monte Cetona

Directly connected to the museum and the Naturalistic-Archeological Park of Belverde where it is possible to visit the pre-historic living sites which have been recently discovered.

Near the park a vive with services for the visitors including bar, exhibit hall and information office, has been recently opened. 

The Museum with its Park offer schools some very interesting further learning opportunities.

Museo Civico per la preistoria del Monte Cetona
Via Roma 37
53040 Cetona 
Tel 0578 237611

Parco Archeologico Naturalistico del Monte Cetona
Loc. Belvedere
53040 Cetona 
Tel 0578 227667

To learn more: www.museisenesi.org

Abbazia di San Galgano…

Abbazia di San Galgano

The legend
In a place of silence, of magic, where it is still possible to feel the echoes of a rich past, of prayer and pitched battles, this is where you'll find the abbacy San Galgano

With the open sky for its roof, historically and architecurally, this was one of the more important structures in the land of Siena, nestled in the hills between Chiusdino and Monticiano.

Near the abbey stands the hermitage of Monte Siepi, where Saint Galgano took refuge in hermitic solitude

There are several legends regarding this saint, one is that the young nobleman, Galgano Guidotti, following two dreams in which Saint Michael the Archangel appeared to him, revealing the path of prayer, decided to dedicate his life to God, going to live in the hermitage on Monte Siepi. Against the wishes of his mother and the woman who was to have married him, he planted his sword in the stone of Monte Siepi, representing his cross.

Another legend is the young Galgano, of noble family with nary a worry, dedicated only to hunting and worldly pleasures, had forgotten God. One April morning while out riding his horse near Monte Siepi, Michael the Archangel appeared before him with his flaming sword raised over his head, both eyes full of light.

Galgano fell to earth, unable to say a word. He took his sword from his belt and threw it against a nearby rock where it was swallowed, remaining stuck in the stone as though it were a cross.

The archangel disappeared and Galgano became the hermit of Monte Siepi.

Urban trekking

Urban Trekking is a sport for everyone!  For children, it is an unusual and fun way to discover the city of Siena - via itineraries created especially for them - with fantastic stories of famous people, interactive games included in the itineraries and the chance to learn about the Contradas and their history, where they are and how they are identified by their symbols.
To learn more: www.comune.siena.it

▼ Emotional Travel

Young Explorers…

Young Explorers

In this adventure the protagonists are children, exploring Siena in its multiple facets and above all, that which is secret. Where, between museums, parks, fountains, games and shows, there are “ghosts”.

Piazza San Francesco (N°1)

In front of you, you have the great Cathedral of San Francesco, continue down the small streets and alleys of this neighbourhood until you come to the cathedral of Santa Maria in Provensano, built at the end of the 1500's to give a home to an image of the Virgin Mary which had been part of several miracles. It's to this Madonna which the Palio of July 2nd is dedicated.

Continue walking until reaching the ‘Vicolo del Castello' or Alley of the Castle and enter its suggestive inner square. This ruin was a sort of fortress, formed by stone walls in which one or more castle towers were part of the whole structure.

Be aware……..for here it's said that the spirit of Giovanni Ugurgieri, who died a hero's death in the battle of Monteaperti (1260) can still be encountered.

Prato di Sant’Agostino (n°7)

You'll be walking down a stretch of Via P.A. Mattioli and on your left you'll find the entrance to the Botanic Gardens where you can see so many plants, such as the ‘living rocks', formed by just two fleshy, camouflaged leaves.

The Gardens have their own ghost, which goes by night…..but the discoveries aren't finished yet!.......If you like minerals, fossils, insects and birds and you'd like to see calves with two heads or other, embalmed animals…….then you need to visit the Museum of Natural History at the Academy of the Fisiocritici and you'll find out how your great-grandparents studied.

Now you're in the ‘Prato di Sant'Agostino', the lawn of Saint Agostino, with a splendid view of the city, with swings and benches too.

But before continuing on, let's go and explore the church of Sant'Agostino and discover the works of art, the artists and the saints, an authentic treasure hunt!


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